Neighbors Author Jan T. Gross
ISBN-10 9781400843251
Release 2012-09-17
Pages 216
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One summer day in 1941, half of the Polish town of Jedwabne murdered the other half, 1,600 men, women, and children, all but seven of the town's Jews. Neighbors tells their story. This is a shocking, brutal story that has never before been told. It is the most important study of Polish-Jewish relations to be published in decades and should become a classic of Holocaust literature. Jan Gross pieces together eyewitness accounts and other evidence into an engulfing reconstruction of the horrific July day remembered well by locals but forgotten by history. His investigation reads like a detective story, and its unfolding yields wider truths about Jewish-Polish relations, the Holocaust, and human responses to occupation and totalitarianism. It is a story of surprises: The newly occupying German army did not compel the massacre, and Jedwabne's Jews and Christians had previously enjoyed cordial relations. After the war, the nearby family who saved Jedwabne's surviving Jews was derided and driven from the area. The single Jew offered mercy by the town declined it. Most arresting is the sinking realization that Jedwabne's Jews were clubbed, drowned, gutted, and burned not by faceless Nazis, but by people whose features and names they knew well: their former schoolmates and those who sold them food, bought their milk, and chatted with them in the street. As much as such a question can ever be answered, Neighbors tells us why. In many ways, this is a simple book. It is easy to read in a single sitting, and hard not to. But its simplicity is deceptive. Gross's new and persuasive answers to vexed questions rewrite the history of twentieth-century Poland. This book proves, finally, that the fates of Poles and Jews during World War II can be comprehended only together.


Neighbors Author Jan Tomasz Gross
ISBN-10 9780691086675
Release 2001
Pages 261
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Documents the brutal 1941 massacre of 1,600 Jewish men, women, and children by their own neighbors in the Polish town of Jedwabne, offering additional examinations of the period's Jewish-Polish relations, the Holocaust, and human responses to occupation and totalitarianism.

Hitlers willige Vollstrecker

Hitlers willige Vollstrecker Author Daniel Jonah Goldhagen
ISBN-10 9783641107499
Release 2013-02-28
Pages 768
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Das Standardwerk: Über die »ganz gewöhnlichen Deutschen« als Täter Daniel Goldhagen hat mit seiner Studie über die Vollstrecker des Holocaust heftige Debatten ausgelöst. Seine These: Schon lange vor Hitler war der Antisemitismus tief verwurzelt in der deutschen Gesellschaft. Es waren nicht nur einige SS-Leute, sondern ganz gewöhnliche Deutsche, die millionenfach Juden erniedrigten und ermordeten.


Fear Author Jan Gross
ISBN-10 9780307430960
Release 2007-12-18
Pages 320
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Poland suffered an exceedingly brutal Nazi occupation during the Second World War. Close to five million Polish citizens lost their lives as a result. More than half the casualties were Polish Jews. Thus, the second largest Jewish community in the world–only American Jewry numbered more than the three and a half million Polish Jews at the time–was wiped out. Over 90 percent of its members were killed in the Holocaust. And yet, despite this unprecedented calamity that affected both Jews and non-Jews, Jewish Holocaust survivors returning to their hometowns in Poland after the war experienced widespread hostility, including murder, at the hands of their neighbors. The bloodiest peacetime pogrom in twentieth-century Europe took place in the Polish town of Kielce one year after the war ended, on July 4, 1946. Jan Gross’s Fear attempts to answer a perplexing question: How was anti-Semitism possible in Poland after the war? At the center of his investigation is a detailed reconstruction of the Kielce pogrom and the reactions it evoked in various milieus of Polish society. How did the Polish Catholic Church, Communist party workers, and intellectuals respond to the spectacle of Jews being murdered by their fellow citizens in a country that had just been liberated from a five-year Nazi occupation? Gross argues that the anti-Semitism displayed in Poland in the war’s aftermath cannot be understood simply as a continuation of prewar attitudes. Rather, it developed in the context of the Holocaust and the Communist takeover: Anti-Semitism eventually became a common currency between the Communist regime and a society in which many had joined in the Nazi campaign of plunder and murder–and for whom the Jewish survivors were a standing reproach. Jews did not bring communism to Poland as some believe; in fact, they were finally driven out of Poland under the Communist regime as a matter of political expediency. In the words of the Nobel Prize—winning poet Czeslaw Milosz, Poland’s Communist rulers fulfilled the dream of Polish nationalists by bringing into existence an ethnically pure state. For more than half a century, what happened to the Jewish Holocaust survivors in Poland has been cloaked in guilt and shame. Writing with passion, brilliance, and fierce clarity, Jan T. Gross at last brings the truth to light.


Angst Author Jan T. Gross
ISBN-10 9783518782002
Release 2012-09-17
Pages 360
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Bei Pogromen gegen Juden wurden in Polen nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg mehr als 1500 Menschen getötet. Woher kam dieser Haß? Wieso nahm der Antisemitismus derart aggressive Formen an? Jan T. Gross zeigt, wie sich der traditionelle katholische Antisemitismus durch die deutsche Besatzung radikalisierte und nach der Befreiung durch die Rote Armee fortbestand, vor allem im Glauben an einen »jüdischen Bolschewismus«. Der Autor schildert die Auseinandersetzungen innerhalb der polnischen Gesellschaft um das Verhältnis zu den Juden, er zeigt detailliert, wie es 1945 und 1946 zu den großen Pogromen von Rzeszów, Krakau und Kielce kam. Diese waren keine Erscheinungen am Rande der Gesellschaft, sondern sie fanden mit Unterstützung der Bevölkerung statt. Gross sieht im polnischen Antisemitismus ein Zeichen der »Angst«: die Angst vor den Rückkehrern und nicht zuletzt die Angst, den Besitz der jüdischen Nachbarn wieder zu verlieren, den man sich unter den Deutschen angeeignet hatte.


Amon Author Jennifer Teege
ISBN-10 9783644028210
Release 2013-09-20
Pages 272
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Es ist ein Schock, der ihr ganzes Selbstverständnis erschüttert: Mit 38 Jahren erfährt Jennifer Teege durch einen Zufall, wer sie ist. In einer Bibliothek findet sie ein Buch über ihre Mutter und ihren Großvater Amon Göth. Millionen Menschen kennen Göths Geschichte. In Steven Spielbergs Film «Schindlers Liste» ist der brutale KZ-Kommandant der Saufkumpan und Gegenspieler des Judenretters Oskar Schindler. Göth war verantwortlich für den Tod Tausender Menschen und wurde 1946 gehängt. Seine Lebensgefährtin Ruth Irene, Jennifer Teeges geliebte Großmutter, begeht 1983 Selbstmord. Jennifer Teege ist die Tochter einer Deutschen und eines Nigerianers. Sie wurde bei Adoptiveltern groß und hat danach in Israel studiert. Jetzt ist sie mit einem Familiengeheimnis konfrontiert, das sie nicht mehr ruhen lässt. Wie kann sie ihren jüdischen Freunden noch unter die Augen treten? Und was soll sie ihren eigenen Kindern erzählen? Jennifer Teege beschäftigt sich intensiv mit der Vergangenheit. Sie trifft ihre Mutter wieder, die sie viele Jahre nicht gesehen hat. Gemeinsam mit der Journalistin Nikola Sellmair recherchiert sie ihre Familiengeschichte, sucht die Orte der Vergangenheit noch einmal auf, reist nach Israel und nach Polen. Schritt für Schritt wird aus dem Schock über die Abgründe der eigenen Familie die Geschichte einer Befreiung.

Shared History Divided Memory

Shared History  Divided Memory Author Elazar Barkan
ISBN-10 3865832407
Release 2007
Pages 390
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Shared History Divided Memory has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Shared History Divided Memory also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Shared History Divided Memory book for free.

The Crime and the Silence

The Crime and the Silence Author Anna Bikont
ISBN-10 9780374710323
Release 2015-09-15
Pages 560
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Winner of the National Jewish Book Award in the Holocaust category A monumental work of nonfiction on a wartime atrocity, its sixty-year denial, and the impact of its truth Jan Gross's hugely controversial Neighbors was a historian's disclosure of the events in the small Polish town of Jedwabne on July 10, 1941, when the citizens rounded up the Jewish population and burned them alive in a barn. The massacre was a shocking secret that had been suppressed for more than sixty years, and it provoked the most important public debate in Poland since 1989. From the outset, Anna Bikont reported on the town, combing through archives and interviewing residents who survived the war period. Her writing became a crucial part of the debate and she herself an actor in a national drama. Part history, part memoir, The Crime and the Silence is the journalist's account of these events: both the story of the massacre told through oral histories of survivors and witnesses, and a portrait of a Polish town coming to terms with its dark past. Including the perspectives of both heroes and perpetrators, Bikont chronicles the sources of the hatred that exploded against Jews and asks what myths grow on hidden memories, what destruction they cause, and what happens to a society that refuses to accept a horrific truth. A profoundly moving exploration of being Jewish in modern Poland that Julian Barnes called "one of the most chilling books," The Crime and the Silence is a vital contribution to Holocaust history and a fascinating story of a town coming to terms with its dark past.

Geschichte Europas von 1945 bis zur Gegenwart

Geschichte Europas von 1945 bis zur Gegenwart Author Tony Judt
ISBN-10 3596180317
Release 2009
Pages 1024
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Geschichte Europas von 1945 bis zur Gegenwart has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Geschichte Europas von 1945 bis zur Gegenwart also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Geschichte Europas von 1945 bis zur Gegenwart book for free.

The Fragility of Empathy After the Holocaust

The Fragility of Empathy After the Holocaust Author Carolyn Janice Dean
ISBN-10 080148944X
Release 2004
Pages 203
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When we are confronted with images of and memoirs from the Holocaust and subsequent cases of vast cruelty and suffering, is our impulse to empathize put at risk by the possibility of becoming numb to horror? Carolyn J. Dean's provocative new book addresses the ways we evade our failures of empathy in the face of massive suffering: Has exposure (or overexposure) to representations of pain damaged our ability to feel? Do the frequent claims that artistic representations of extreme cruelty are pornographic allow us to dodge the real issues that we must confront in attempting to come to terms with suffering? Does an excess of terror place constraints on compassion?Dean examines the very different representations of suffering found in visual media, history writing, cultural criticism, and journalism that grapple with the assumption that Americans and Western Europeans have been rendered numb and their appropriate human responses blunted by the events of the past century. The Fragility of Empathy after the Holocaust will be of interest to all readers concerned with contemporary "victim culture," Holocaust representation, and humanism.

Imaginary Neighbors

Imaginary Neighbors Author Dorota Glowacka
ISBN-10 9780803205994
Release 2007
Pages 350
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Imaginary Neighbors offers a unique and significant contribution to the contemporary debate concerning Holocaust memory by exploring the most important current political topic in Poland: Jewish-Polish relations during and after World War II.

The Holocaust An Encyclopedia and Document Collection 4 volumes

The Holocaust  An Encyclopedia and Document Collection  4 volumes Author Paul R. Bartrop
ISBN-10 9781440840845
Release 2017-09-30
Pages 1440
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This four-volume set provides reference entries, primary documents, and personal accounts from individuals who lived through the Holocaust that allow readers to better understand the cultural, political, and economic motivations that spurred the Final Solution. • Provides an easily readable encyclopedic collection of secondary source materials, such as reference entries, maps, and tables, that offer a breadth of content for understanding the Holocaust • Examines a broad range of themes relating to the Holocaust, enabling readers to consider important questions about the historical experience and its implications for today • Includes two volumes of primary source material that introduce users to the cultural, political, and economic motivations that spurred the Final Solution • Presents memoirs and personal narratives that showcase the experiences of survivors and resistors who lived through the chaos and horror of the Final Solution • Includes a comprehensive bibliography that serves as a gateway to further research

Juden und Zigeuner im europ ischen Geschichtstheater

Juden und Zigeuner im europ  ischen Geschichtstheater Author Monica Rüthers
ISBN-10 9783839420621
Release 2014-03
Pages 252
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In Analogie zu den stadträumlichen Inszenierungen jüdischer Kultur, den »Jewish Spaces«, gewinnnen zunehmend auch »Gypsy Spaces« an Gestalt. Roma-Festivals sind populär, während gleichzeitig die Angst vor einer »Roma-Invasion« grassiert. Monica Rüthers geht der Entstehungsgeschichte und den Funktionen dieser neuen Folklore im gegenwärtigen Europa nach. Sie vergleicht das jüdische Kulturfestival in Krakau mit der Zigeunerwallfahrt in Saintes-Maries-de-la-Mer und passt beide Räume in die kulturellen Topografien Europas ein. Die Analyse dieser Anlässe erlaubt die Frage, ob solche Räume auch emanzipatorisches Potenzial entfalten können. Es zeigt sich: Im Umgang mit dem Fremden spiegelt sich der Prozess der europäischen Integration.

Revolution from Abroad

Revolution from Abroad Author Jan Tomasz Gross
ISBN-10 0691096031
Release 2002
Pages 396
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Jan Gross describes the terrors of the Soviet occupation of the lands that made up eastern Poland between the two world wars: the Western Ukraine and Western Belorussia. His lucid analysis of the revolution that came to Poland from abroad is based on hundreds of first-hand accounts of the hardship, suffering, and social chaos that accompanied the Sovietization of this poorest section of a poverty-stricken country. Woven into the author's exploration of events from the Soviet's German-supported aggression against Poland in September of 1939 to Germany's attack on the Soviet Union in June 1941, these testimonies not only illuminate his conclusions about the nature of totalitarianism but also make a powerful statement of their own. Those who endured the imposition of Soviet rule and mass deportations to forced resettlement, labor camps, and prisons of the Soviet Union are here allowed to speak for themselves, and they do so with grim effectiveness.

Signaturen des Geschehens

Signaturen des Geschehens Author Zoltán Kulcsár-Szabó
ISBN-10 9783839426067
Release 2014-06
Pages 508
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Wie hängt der Ablauf jeglichen Ereignisses mit der Struktur einer Öffentlichkeit zusammen? Welcher strukturelle Unterschied besteht zwischen dem öffentlichen und verborgenen, unbemerkten oder nachträglich erkannten Ablauf eines Ereignisses? Die Beiträge des Bandes zeigen: Wenn ein Geschehen gerade dadurch zum Ereignis wird, dass es öffentlich wird, umfasst die jeweilige Struktur der Öffentlichkeit all die medialen Bedingungen, unter denen ein Geschehen überhaupt als Ereignis erscheint. Andererseits wird das Geschehen gerade dadurch zum »Ereignis«, dass es über die bisherigen Grenzen, Gewohnheiten, Regeln der Öffentlichkeit hinausgeht - dass es also die Struktur der Öffentlichkeit umformt.

Die Moderne und ihre Krisen

Die Moderne und ihre Krisen Author Marina Cattaruzza
ISBN-10 9783899719161
Release 2011-11-01
Pages 480
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Dieser Band versammelt 15 ausgewählte Forschungsbeiträge von Marina Cattaruzza zur europäischen Geschichte des 19. und 20. Jahrhunderts, die hier zum Teil erstmals auf Deutsch erscheinen. Obwohl Cattaruzza methodisch immer wieder neue Ansätze gefunden hat, ist sie einigen Themenkomplexen treu geblieben: den Küstenregionen der Donaumonarchie, dem Schicksal von Minderheiten, Fragen der Nationalität - auch im Zusammenhang mit sozialen Schichten -, der Ausgrenzung und der gewaltsamen Aussiedlung bis hin zur Historiographie des Nationalsozialismus und der Shoah. Die Geschichte der Habsburgermonarchie und der Auflösung multinationaler Reiche sowie ihrer Folgen zieht sich wie ein roter Faden durch Cattaruzzas Reflexion und verleiht ihren Forschungen zur europäischen Moderne Einheit und Kohärenz. Diese Festgabe wurde anlässlich ihres 60. Geburtstags von einer Gruppe von Schülerinnen und Schülern, Freundinnen und Freunden aus der Schweiz, aus Deutschland, aus Österreich und aus Italien lanciert.

The Neighbors Respond

The Neighbors Respond Author Antony Polonsky
ISBN-10 1400825814
Release 2009-04-11
Pages 504
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Neighbors--Jan Gross's stunning account of the brutal mass murder of the Jews of Jedwabne by their Polish neighbors--was met with international critical acclaim and was a finalist for the National Book Award in the United States. It has also been, from the moment of its publication, the occasion of intense controversy and painful reckoning. This book captures some of the most important voices in the ensuing debate, including those of residents of Jedwabne itself as well as those of journalists, intellectuals, politicians, Catholic clergy, and historians both within and well beyond Poland's borders. Antony Polonsky and Joanna Michlic introduce the debate, focusing particularly on how Neighbors rubbed against difficult old and new issues of Polish social memory and national identity. The editors then present a variety of Polish voices grappling with the role of the massacre and of Polish-Jewish relations in Polish history. They include samples of the various strategies used by Polish intellectuals and political elites as they have attempted to deal with their country's dark past, to overcome the legacy of the Holocaust, and to respond to Gross's book. The Neighbors Respond makes the debate over Neighbors available to an English-speaking audience--and is an excellent tool for bringing the discussion into the classroom. It constitutes an engrossing contribution to modern Jewish history, to our understanding of Polish modern history and identity, and to our bank of Holocaust memory.